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  • What Is

    Sickle Cell Disease

    Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

    SCD is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. Healthy red blood cells are round, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. In someone who has SCD, the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle”.

    What Causes

    Sickle Cell Disease

    Genetics

    SCD is a genetic condition that is present at birth. It is inherited when a child receives two sickle cell genes—one from each parent.

    Symptoms

    And Treatments

    Treatment Options Differ

    Symptoms and complications of SCD are different for each person and can range from mild to severe. There is no single best treatment for all people with SCD. Treatment options are different for each person depending on the symptoms.

    Cure

    The only cure for SCD is bone marrow or stem cell transplant.

    Bone marrow & stem cell transplant

    Bone marrow is a soft, fatty tissue inside the center of the bones where blood cells are made. A bone marrow or stem cell transplant is a procedure that takes healthy cells that form blood from one person—the donor—and puts them into someone whose bone marrow is not working properly.

Blood Test

Diagnosis

SCT is diagnosed with a simple blood test. People at risk of having SCT can talk with a doctor or health clinic about getting this test.
 
Pain Crisis

Complications

Most people with SCT do not have any symptoms of SCD, although—in rare cases—people with SCT might experience complications of SCD, such as pain crises.
 
Sickle Cell Disease