1 OUT OF EVERY 500

SCD OCCURS AMONG ABOUT 1 OUT OF EVERY 500 BLACK OR AFRICAN-AMERICAN BIRTHS.

What is .

Sicke Cell Disease

SCD is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. Healthy red blood cells are round, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body.

In someone who has SCD, the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle”.

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Sickle cell facts. 

What Causes

Sickle Cell Disease

GENETICS. 

SCD is a genetic condition that is present at birth. It is inherited when a child receives two sickle cell genes—one from each parent.

Symptoms

And Treatments

TREATMENT OPTIONS DIFFER 

Symptoms and complications of SCD are different for each person and can range
from mild to severe. There is no single best treatment for all people with SCD. Treatment options are different for each person depending on the symptoms.

Cure

Is There A Cure

Bone marrow is a soft, fatty tissue inside the center of the bones where blood cells are made. A bone marrow or stem cell transplant is a procedure that takes healthy cells that form blood from one person—the donor—and puts them into someone whose bone marrow is not working properly.

Sickle Cell Trait

Sickle cell trait is an inherited blood disorder that affects 1 million to 3 million Americans and 8 to 10 percent of African Americans. Sickle cell trait can also affect Hispanics, South Asians, Caucasians from southern Europe, and people from Middle Eastern countries. More than 100 million people worldwide have sickle cell trait.

Genetic Blood Disorder

Unlike sickle cell disease, a serious illness in which patients have two genes that cause the production of abnormal hemoglobin (the substance in red blood cells that helps carry oxygen), individuals with sickle cell trait carry only one defective gene and typically live normal lives.

Newborn Testing

All newborns in the United States are now tested for sickle cell disease and sickle cell trait. Sickle cell disease can be identified before birth by testing a sample of amniotic fluid or tissue from the placenta. People who carry the sickle cell gene can seek genetic counseling before pregnancy to discuss options.

diagnosis.

SCT is diagnosed with a simple blood test. People at risk of having SCT can talk with a doctor or health clinic about getting this test.

complications.

Most people with SCT do not have any symptoms of SCD, although—in rare cases—people with SCT might experience complications of SCD, such as pain crises.